Büchner, Georg


Büchner, Georg
(1813-1837)
   Playwright. Büchner's three plays remained unperformed during his lifetime and were not premiered until decades after his untimely death of typhoid in Zurich. His first was Dantons Tod(Danton'sDeath, 1835), which he wrote in the aftermath of the failed 1830 revolution and his own disillusionment with attempts to establish greater freedoms in his native Hessia. He wrote the comedy Leonce und Lena sometime in 1836, and it became the first of his plays to be premiered (in 1895). His best-known play, Woyzeck, is not a play at all but a fragment of scenes on which he had been working shortly before his death. It premiered in Munich during the 1913-1914 season and became emblematic of "primordial modernism" because it was so inchoate, but also because several critics perceived in the random suffering of its nearly inarticulate hero a personification of powerless victimhood in the merciless grip of authoritarian forces. Alban Berg (1885-1935) composed an opera he titled Wozzeck based on the play; it premiered in 1925. Werner Herzog (Werner Stipetic, 1942- ) directed a popular film version in 1979 starring Klaus Kinski as Woyzeck.

Historical dictionary of German Theatre. . 2006.

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  • Büchner, Georg — born Oct. 17, 1813, Goddelau, Hesse Darmstadt died Feb. 19, 1837, Zürich, Switz. German dramatist. As a medical student, he became involved in revolutionary politics and was forced to flee to Zürich. There he wrote plays marked by vivid… …   Universalium

  • Büchner, Georg — ► (1813 37) Escritor romántico alemán. Obras: La muerte de Danton, Leoncio y Lena (1836) y la inacabada Woyzeck (teatro), y la novela inconclusa Lenz. * * * (17 oct. 1813, Goddelau, Hesse Darmstadt–19 feb. 1837, Zürich, Suiza). Dramaturgo alemán …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Büchner — Büchner, Georg …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Georg Büchner — Karl Georg Büchner (* 17. Oktober 1813 in Goddelau, Großherzogtum Hessen; † 19. Februar 1837 in Zürich) war ein hessischer Schriftsteller, Mediziner, Naturwissenschaftler und Revolutionär. Er gilt trotz seines schmalen Werkes als einer der… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Georg Büchner — Georg Büchner. Karl Georg Büchner (17 de octubre de 1813 – 19 de febrero de 1837), dramaturgo alemán y escritor de prosa. Era hijo del renombrado químico y médico forense Ernst Büchner, y hermano del físico y filósofo Ludwig Büchner. El talento… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Georg-Büchner-Schule (Darmstadt) — Georg Büchner Schule Schulform Gymnasium Gründung 1826 Ort Darmstadt Land Hessen Staat …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Georg Büchner — Nom de naissance Karl Georg Büchner Activités Dramaturge, écrivain, scientifique Naissance 17 octobre 1813 à Goddelau, Hesse Décès …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Georg Buchner — Georg Büchner Georg Büchner Karl Georg Büchner (17 octobre 1813 à Goddelau, près de Darmstadt (Hesse) 19 février 1837 à Zurich) est un médecin, poète, écrivain, révolutionnaire …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Georg Klaren — Georg C. Klaren (* 10. September 1900 in Wien; † 18. November 1962 in Sawbridgeworth, England; eigentlich Georg Eugen Moritz Alexander Klarič) war ein österreichischer Filmregisseur und Drehbuchautor. Er studierte Philologie an der Universität… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Büchner — Büchner, Georg, Dichter, geb. 17. Okt. 1813 zu Goddelau bei Darmstadt, wegen Beteiligung an den polit. Bewegungen in Hessen 1834 Flüchtling, gest. 19. Febr. 1837 in Zürich, bes. bekannt durch die wilde, aber geniale Dichtung »Dantons Tod« (1835) …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon


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